GUMBORO DISEASE / INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE

GUMBORO DISEASE / INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE 
Gumboro disease is a highly acute contagious disease of young chicken, it’s caused by infectious bursal disease virus characterised by immuno suppression and mortality generally at 3 to 6 weeks of age. 
Mode Of Transmission 
    Gumboro disease spreads by contaminated faeces, water and feeds. It is highly contagious and Hardy agent. Some vectors can harbor the virus including darkling Beatles and Rats
Predisposing Factors 
    Things farmers do to facilitate the occurrence of gumboro disease include, poor vaccination programme, inadequate supply of heat/warmth in the brooder, poor sanitation, presence of rodents and poor biosecurity. 
Clinical Signs 
Elevated body temperature, watery urate diarrhoea, ruffled feathers, trembling, huddling, depression, sleepiness and lameness can occur.  
Postmortem lesions 
  The bursal is enlarged (2-4times), haemorrhagic and oedomatous. 
  Swollen necrotic spleen 
  Mucous in the intestines 
  Muscle haemorrhage, rickets and dehydration. 
  Haemorrhage at the Junction of the proventriculus and gizzard. 
How To Control Gumboro Disease
   Proper vaccination, biosecurity and provision of right temperatures in the brooder. 
Treatment 
  There’s no specific treatment available but supplementing with glucose, vitamins and facilitating access to water, feeds and heat will help and more so enforcement of biosecurity. 
Diagnosis 
  Oedematous involvement of the bursal of fabricius 
Note
Gumboro disease is acute and highly contagious and can kill 30% to 100% of the flock if poorly managed

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